A study conducted by Alcohol Justice recommends that bars should implement earlier closing times for their establishments. This suggestion relates to statistics that show the prevalence of alcohol-related deaths and injuries.
Despite giving businesses more income, implementing later last call times is detrimental to drunk individuals. Previous studies and data have corroborated this issue.
The World Health Organization said that alcohol use ranks third among the most significant behavioral causes of illness and death. However, some states still impose minimal restrictions regarding alcohol consumption and bar operations.
Most areas in the United States allow bars to have a call time of as late as 4 AM. This rule caused a spike in hospitalization statistics. In California, alcohol causes about 10,500 deaths annually. It also incurs the government $35 billion in funding which includes direct costs.
The U.S. Community Preventive Services Task Force, a panel brought together by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, also discovered that alcohol-related crimes and injuries dramatically rose every time the call time increased by two hours. From 2014 to 2016, vehicular accidents involving those who have a legal blood-alcohol count (BAC) grew by 21 percent.
In connection with the facts, experts explained the relation between sleep deprivation and drunkenness. Tiredness and inebriation do not go well together as proven by a group of researchers from the United Kingdom. They saw that despite maintaining a legal BAC, those who are sleep-deprived still encounter accidents, especially when driving.
The researchers now recommend establishing earlier last call times for bars. They suggest to the owners not to extend trading hours anymore. This proposal stemmed from the formation of Senate Bill 905 which allows establishments to operate until 4 AM. Many institutions already expressed their opposition to SB 905.
In relation, Alcohol Justice also asks legislators to make an effort to collect significant data that present the risks of extending last call times. It added that lawmakers should listen to testimonies of those who are affected by accidents such as law enforcement officers, hospital staff, and residents. This way, the Congress will understand the situation better and create statutes that benefit the public more.